India is facing a lot of things such as poverty, population control, economic growth, employment, food security, and quality education, but now according to the new report “Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C” commissioned by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), if the average global temperature rises more than 1°C from the present, India could annually expect conditions of deadly heat waves.
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The consequences of the report will be discussed at the Katowice climate change conference in Poland in December 2018, where the governments will review the Paris Agreement to handle climate change. India is being one of the largest carbon-emitting nations, is expected to be a key player in this global event.
The special report warns about the global temperatures that could breach the 1.5°C level earlier than 2030. “Global warming is likely to reach 1.5°C (above pre-industrial levels) between 2030 and 2052 if it continues to increase at the same rate,” according to the report.
The report specifically mentions that Kolkata and Karachi cities could face an increased threat of heat waves. “Karachi and Kolkata can expect annual conditions equivalent to their deadly 2015 heat waves. Climate change is significantly contributing to increased heat-related mortality,” the report stated.
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In a statement, Arthur Wyns, co-author of the report from Climate Tracker, states that “It is now the scientific consensus that global warming affects human health, causing loss of millions of lives. The global warming to be contained at 1.5°C, the net human-caused CO2 emissions would need to fall by 45% from 2010 levels by 2030, reaching net zero by around 2050.”
According to the IPCC report, there is the expectation of increasing poverty with rising in global warming. “Limiting global warming to 1.5°C as against 2°C can reduce the number of people exposed to climate-related risks and poverty by up to several hundred million by 2050,” the report stated.
The report concluded that the over-heating can result in the reduction of in yields of maize, wheat, rice, and other cereal crops, particularly in Asia as well as suggests mitigation measures to reduce anthropogenic net emissions of carbon dioxide.
News Source: ANI
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