How Deficiency Diseases Caused?
A disease that is caused by a dietary deficiency of specific nutrients such as vitamin or mineral due to insufficient intake, digestion, absorption, or utilization of a nutrient, it is also known as insufficiency disease.
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A healthy and balanced diet, with all the essential nutrients, are must for the overall well-being of human being.
There are several different diseases that are also linked to an integrated deficiency of vitamins including scurvy, rickets, beriberi, and pellagra.
Diseases Caused By Nutritional Deficiencies:
Scurvy:Â The disease is mainly due to reduced levels of Vitamin C or ascorbic acid in the body. It is basically in which there is an inhibits the production of collagen in the body that is structural protein connects with the tissues. Several effects of the disease are decaying of the skin and gums, delay or inability to heal wounds and bleeding, and abnormal formation of teeth and bones.
Sources of Vitamin C are citrus fruits like oranges, strawberry, lemon etc and vegetables like broccoli.
Rickets: The disease is mainly due to deficiency of Vitamin D, calcium and potassium in the body. It is characterized by soft and weak bones, bowed legs and bone deformities.
Sources of Vitamin D including fish, liver, fortified dairy products, oil, and sunlight.
Beri-Beri: The disease is mainly due to lack of Vitamin B1 or thiamine in the body. Its common symptoms are illness altered muscle coordination, cardiovascular problems, and nerve degeneration.
Source of Vitamin B1 includes meat, eggs, dried beans, and whole grains.
Pellagra: The disease is mainly due to the deficiency of niacin (Vitamin B-3) which is characterized by dermatitis, diarrhea, and dementia.
Source of Vitamin B-3 include tuna, peanuts, whole grains mushrooms, and chicken.
Xerophthalmia or Night Blindness: The disease is mainly due to the deficiency of Vitamin A which is characterized by blindness due to the poor growth,keratinization and dryness of epithelial tissue or chronic eye infection.
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Source of Vitamin A include carrots, green and leafy vegetables.
Iron Deficiency Anaemia: The disease is mainly due to the deficiency of iron in the body, which is characterized by a decrease in the red blood cell count or hemoglobin and results in fatigue, dyspnoea, weakness, and paleness.
Source of iron include squashes, nuts, tofu, and bran.
Goitre: The disease is mainly due to the deficiency of iodine in the body, which is characterized by enlarging of thyroid glands that cause hypothyroidism, poor development and growth of infants in childhood, cretinism and mental retardation.
Source of iodine include iodized salt and saltwater fish.
Kwashiorkor: The disease is mainly due to lack of protein and energy in the body, which is characterized by an enlarged liver, anorexia, irritability and ulcerating dermatoses.
Source of proteins are eggs, lentils, and rice.
Osteoporosis: The disease is mainly due to the deficiency of Vitamin D in the body, which is characterized by unhealthy, soft and brittle bones that are prone to fractures.
Source of Vitamin D are bananas, spinach, milk, okra, soy, and sunlight.
Source of Vitamin B7 include poultry products, dairy items, peanuts, and nuts.
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