Skin cancer is the abnormal growth of skin cells which are most frequently develops on skin exposed to the sun. But this common form of cancer can also happen on areas of your skin not ordinarily exposed to sunlight. Today we are going to discuss ways of skin care prevention.
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What is Skin Cancer?
Skin cancer is the unfettered growth of abnormal skin cells. It mainly starts when unserviceable DNA damage to skin cells (mostly caused by ultraviolet radiation from sunshine or tanning beds) triggers mutations or genetic defects, which lead the skin cells to multiply rapidly and form malignant tumors.
What can you Eat for Skin Cancer Prevention?
Antioxidants, like – retinol, are important for a healthy immune system. Studies have found that higher intake of retinol-rich foods, such as fish, milk, eggs, dark green leafy vegetables, and orange/yellow fruits and vegetables led to a 20 percent reduced risk of developing melanoma.
What is the Most Dangerous Skin Cancer?
There are three major types of skin cancer:
1. Basal cell carcinoma
Basal cell is the most common type of cancer. There is no particular age for this it can happen at any age.
2. Squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell is the second most common type of tumor, which originate from skin cells.
Melanoma originates from the pigment-producing skin cells (melanocytes) but this tumor is less common, though more harmful than the first.
How Long does Skin Cancer Take to Develop?
Melanoma can grow very quickly. It can also become life-threatening in as little as 6 weeks and if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body. It can appear on the skin not normally exposed to the sun. Nodular melanoma is a highly viscous form of melanoma which looks different from common melanomas.
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Who gets Skin Cancer?
Most of the skin cancers are caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light. When you don’t protect your skin from UV rays sunlight or tanning beds can damage the skin’s DNA. When the DNA is changed, it can’t properly control skin cell growth, leading to cancer. A number of things can raise your chances of getting it.
What are the Tips for Skin Cancer Prevention?
Here are 5 tips to protect the skin from the sun’s damaging ultraviolet rays and reduce the risk of skin cancer:
1. Seek shade when appropriate
Always remembering that the sun’s rays are strongest between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. If your shadow is shorter than you are, seek shade.
2. Wear Protective Clothing
Try to wear a lightweight long-sleeved shirt, pants, a wide-brimmed hat, and sunglasses, when possible.
3. Apply Sunscreen
Generously apply a broad-spectrum, water-resistant sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher. widespread sunscreen provides protection from both UVA and UVB rays.
- Use sunscreen whenever you are going to be outside, even on cloudy days
- Apply enough sunscreen to cover all exposed skin. Most adults need about 30grams or enough to fill a shot glass to fully cover their body.
- Never forget to apply to the tops of your feet, your neck, your ears and the top of your head.
- When outdoors, reapply sunscreen every two hours, or after swimming or sweating.
- Use extra caution near water, snow, and sand, as they reflect the damaging rays of the sun, which can increase your chance of sunburn.
4. Avoid Tanning Beds
- Ultraviolet light from tanning beds can cause skin cancer and premature skin aging.
- Consider using a self-tanning product if you want to look tan, but continue to use a sunscreen with it.
5. Regular Self- Examination
Regular skin self-exams to detect skin cancer early, when it’s most treatable, and see a board-certified dermatologist if you notice new or suspicious spots on your skin or anything changing, itching or bleeding.
In the above article, we have discussed 5 ways of skin cancer prevention. With the help of these ways, you can easily prevent skin cancer. If you feel any of the redness or scar appear on your skin then immediately consult a doctor.
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