Marfan syndrome is a disease which affects the connective tissues. The connective tissues are proteins which support skin, bones, blood vessels and other organs. One of these proteins is Fibrillin. Morphine syndrome occurs due to the problem in the fibrillin gene. This is a genetic disease.
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Everyone has different types of Marfan syndrome. This syndrome is a very depressing condition, not everyone has the same symptoms. Physiotherapy and aerobic exercise can overcome these problems. So, let’s talk about Marfan Syndrome and how to control this.
What is Marfan Syndrome?
Marfan syndrome is an inherited disorder which affects connective tissue and the fibers which support and anchor the organs and other structures in the body. Marfan syndrome is most commonly affects the heart, eyes, blood vessels, and skeleton.
People who suffer from this syndrome are usually tall and thin with uneven long arms, legs, fingers, and toes. The harm caused by Marfan syndrome can be mild or serious. The aorta is the large blood vessel which carries blood from the heart to the rest of the body is affected, the condition can become life-threatening.
Symptoms of Marfan Syndrome
There are some symptoms of a Marfan syndrome such as:
1. Tall and slender build
2. Disproportionately long arms, legs, and fingers
3. A breastbone that protrudes outward or dips inward
4. A high, arched palate and crowded teeth
5. Heart murmurs
6. Extreme nearsightedness
7. An abnormally curved spine
8. Flat feet
What does Marfan syndrome due to the body?
People with Marfan syndrome, the connective tissue lacks strength due to its abnormal chemical makeup. This syndrome affects the eyes, bones, skin, lungs, and nervous system along with the heart and blood vessels.
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What causes Marfan Syndrome?
Marfan syndrome is caused by a change in the gene which controls how the body makes fibrillin, an essential component of connective tissue that contributes to its strength and elasticity.
In most of the cases, it is inherited from a parent, but 1 in 4 cases happens in people with no known family history of the disease. It begins equally in men and women, who have a 40-50% risk of passing on the gene to their children.
Marfan syndrome is present at birth, but may not be diagnosed until adolescence or later. People with Marfan syndrome have the same abnormal gene, but not everyone experiences the same symptoms to the same degree.
Marfan Syndrome Genetics
This condition is assumed in an autosomal dominant pattern, which means one copy of the altered gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the disorder. At least 20-25% of the syndrome cases result from a new mutation in the FBN1 gene. These cases begin in people with no history of the disorder in their family.
Can Marfan Syndrome be Cured?
Marfan syndrome has no permanent cure. Although, treatments can help to delay or prevent complications, especially when started early. It can affect many parts of the body, including the heart, bones and joints, eyes, nervous system, and lungs. The type of treatment you receive will depend on the signs and symptoms.
Is Marfan Syndrome Painful?
A further characteristic of the syndrome is swelling of the membrane which surrounds the brain and spinal cord. It is called dural ectasia and many people who suffer from Marfan syndrome have it. Dural ectasia causes low back and leg pain, abdominal pain, and headaches.
In the above blog, we have talked about Marfan syndrome and its symptoms, causes, genetics, and age factor. The best way and the only way to control this syndrome is to consult an experienced doctor because the only doctor will manage this syndrome with the help of medications and precautions. If you feel any of the above symptoms then consult immediately.
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