Is leprosy curable? Yes, it is curable with the help of multidrug therapy (MDT). Leprosy is a terrible and progressive bacterial infection which is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae. It affects the nerves of the extremities, the skin, the lining of the nose, and the upper respiratory tract. It is also known as Hansen’s disease.
(People Also Like To Read: Chest Infection: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment & Complications)
It produces skin ulcers, nerve damage, and muscle weakness. If it isn’t treated properly, it can cause severe disfigurement and significant disability. This is one of the oldest diseases. It is very common in many countries, especially those with tropical or subtropical climates.
What is Leprosy?
It is a long-term infection by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae. It spreads between people, but still, extensive contact is necessary. Spread is thought to occur through a cough or contact with fluid from the nose of an infected person. It appears more common among those who live in poverty.
What are the Types of Leprosy?
There are 3 types of leprosy:
In Tuberculoid, the immune system response is good. This disease is mild and only mildly contagious.
2. Lepromatous Leprosy
In lepromatous, the immune system response is bad. It also affects the skin, nerves, and other organs. This form of the disease is more contagious.
3. Borderline leprosy
In Borderline, there are clinical features of both tuberculoid and lepromatous leprosy. It is considered as a combination of the above mentioned two types.
What are the Symptoms of Leprosy?
There are mainly 11 symptoms such as:
1. Muscle weakness
2.Numbness in the hands, feet, legs, and arms.
4. Patches of skin
5. Pale skin, Pinkish patches
6. Enlarged nerves like- Elbows and knees.
7.Stuffy nose and nosebleeds.
9. Skin Lesions
(You Might Also Like To Read: Do You Know about Folic Acid: Its, Benefits & Deficiency)
What are the Complications of Leprosy?
These are the various complication of the disease:
2. Hair loss, from the eyebrows and eyelashes
3. Muscle weakness
4. Nerve damage in the arms and legs
5. Inability to use hands and feet
6.Terrible nasal congestion, nosebleeds
8. Glaucoma (an eye disease that causes damage to the optic nerve)
10.Erectile dysfunction (ED)
How to Treat Leprosy?
These anti-biotic helps to cure:
1. Dapsone (Aczone)
2. Rifampin (Rifadin)
5. Ofloxacin (Ocuflux)
What are the Preventions of Leprosy?
The best ways to prevent this disease are the early diagnosis and treatment of the condition in people to whom the disease has been transmitted.
1.Providing education and self-care support
2. Monitoring the condition and its symptoms on an on-going basis and referring to severe cases.
3. Managing day-to-day injuries and disabilities that develop.
4. Educate locals about injury prevention and wound cleaning.
Today we have talked about Leprosy, its types, symptoms, complications, treatment, and preventions as well. As we know leprosy have been increasing day by day and it’s harmful to your body. The easy way to cure this disease is to take proper medications. If you ever feel any noticeable sign of this disease consult a doctor as earliest as you can.
(People Also Like To Read: Atrophy in Women: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Prevention)
Disclaimer: GoMedii is a recognized and a considerate healthcare platform which tends to connect every dot of the healthcare needs and facilities. GoMedii facilitates the accessibility of all health news, health tips, and information from the Health experts and Doctors to the eyes of readers. All of the information and facts mentioned in the GoMedii Blog are thoroughly examined and verified by the Doctors and Health Experts, elsewise source of information is confirmed for the same.
About GoMedii: GoMedii is a complete healthcare marketplace, where you can Book Appointment With Doctors, Get Online Consultation, Order Medicines Online, and Get hassle-free doorstep delivery within 4 hours. You may simply download the GoMedii app for Android or iOS.