Before talking about the Ancylostoma Duodenale infection first we should know what is Ancylostoma Duodenale.
Ancylostoma duodenale is a species of the genus Ancylostoma. It is a parasitic worm of the nematode and commonly known as the ankylostoma of the old world.
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The worm lives in the small intestines of hosts like humans, cats, and dogs, where he can mate and mature.
Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus are two human hookworms that are generally discussed together as the cause of hookworm infection.
Hookworm infection is an infection caused by a type of intestinal parasite in the group of intestinal worms. At first, it can cause itching and rashes at the site of infection.
There can be no symptoms in those who are only affected by certain worms.
Those who are infested with many worms may experience abdominal pain, diarrhea, weight loss and a feeling of tiredness. The mental and physical development of children can be altered. Anemia can result.
The disease can be prevented on an individual level by not getting barefoot in areas where the disease is prevalent. At the population level, reduce defecation outdoors, do not use feces as fertilizer and massive deworming is effective.
The treatment is typical with albendazole or mebendazole drugs for one or three days. In people with anemia, iron supplements may be needed.
Hookworm infects about 428 million in 2015. Severe infections can occur in children and adults but are less common in adults. It’s rarely fatal. Hookworm is a soil-transmitted helminthiasis and is classified as an uncontrolled tropical disease.
Ancylostoma Duodenale infection is also known as hookworm infection.
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What are the Signs and Symptoms of Ancylostoma Duodenale Infection?
There are no specific symptoms of hookworm infection but sometimes they result in a combination of intestinal inflammation and progressive iron deficiency anemia and protein deficiency.
Infrequently, a serious infection can cause coughing, chest pain, wheezing, and fever. Stomach pain, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, constipation, and diarrhea may also occur sooner or later, although gastrointestinal symptoms improve with time.
Signs of advanced severe infection include anemia and protein deficiency, including emaciation, heart failure, and flatulence with ascites.
Invasion of the larvae of the skin (mainly in America) can cause a cutaneous disease called cutaneous larva migrans, also known as a progressive rash.
The hosts of these worms are not human and the larvae can only penetrate the five upper layers of the skin where they cause severe local itching, usually in the foot or lower leg. This infection is due to the larvae of the hookworm A. brasiliense.
The larvae migrate in tortuous tunnels between the basal layer and the stratum corneum of the skin, causing vesicular lesions. With the progressive movement of the larvae, the posterior parts of the lesions become dry and cooked.
How Can You Prevent Yourself From Ancylostoma Duodenale Infection?
Infectious larvae grow and survive in moist soil, particularly sandy and clay soils. You can not survive in clay or mud. The main reasons for caution are those that are determined by good sanitation:
- Not outside, but in the bathroom.
- Do not use untreated human waste or untreated wastewater as fertilizer in agriculture.
- Do not walk barefoot in known infected areas.
- Canine and feline hookworms rarely develop into adulthood.
- Ancylostoma caninum, the dog’s common hookworm, sometimes develops in an adult and causes eosinophilic enteritis in humans.
- Use of moxidectin to control and prevent roundworms, hookworms, heartworms, and whipworms.
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However, the Ancylostoma Duodenale infection is due to the Ancylostoma Duodenale species of the genus Ancylostoma. If you see or observe any kind of symptoms such as coughing, chest pain, wheezing, and fever in your dear ones that you definitely have to consult with the doctor.
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