Hypertensive Heart Disease: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment

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Hypertensive heart disease is very dangerous for your health. It refers to the number of complications of high blood pressure that affect the heart. The heart works under the increased pressure, it causes some different heart disorders.

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Hypertensive heart disease refers to heart failure, thickening of the heart muscle, coronary artery disease, and other conditions.

What is Hypertensive Heart Disease?

Hypertensive heart disease refers to heart conditions caused by high blood pressure. The heart works under the increased pressure, it causes some different heart disorders. It refers to heart failure, thickening of the heart muscle, coronary artery disease, and other conditions.

What are the Types of Hypertensive heart disease?

It can be categorized into two parts:

1.Narrowing of the Arteries –

Coronary arteries transport blood to your heart muscle. When the high blood pressure causes the blood vessels to become narrow, blood flow to the heart can slow or stop. This condition is known as coronary heart disease (CHD), it is also called coronary artery disease.

It makes difficult for your heart to function and supply blood to the rest of your organs. It can put you at risk for heart attack from a blood clot that gets stuck in one of the narrowed arteries and cuts off blood flow to your heart.

2.Thickening and Enlargement of the Heart –

High blood pressure makes quite difficult for your heart to pump blood. Such as other muscles in your body, regular hard work causes your heart muscles to thicken and grow. This alters the way the heart functions. This usually happens in the main pumping chamber of the heart, the left ventricle. This condition is known as left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH).

CHD can cause LVH and vice versa. When you have CHD, then your heart must work harder. If LVH expands your heart, it can compress the coronary arteries.

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What are the Symptoms of Hypertension Heart Disease?

There are few symptoms of hypertension heart disease such as :

  •  Fatigue
  •  Weakness
  •  Chest Pain
  • Leg or ankle swelling
  •  Pain in the neck, shoulder, back, and arm
  •  A cough
  •  Loss of appetite
  • Tightness or pressure in the chest
  •  Nausea
  • Indigestion
  •  Bloating and abdominal pain

Treatment of Hypertensive Heart Disease?

This treatment depends on the seriousness of your illness, your age, and your medical history.

There are few points which you have to follow :

  •  Losing weight
  • Avoid smoking
  •  Limited alcohol
  •  Avoid junk food
  •  Take a healthy diet. ( Green vegetables, fresh fruits, and low-fat dairy products, less saturated products.)
  • Do regular exercises, yoga, and aerobics. ( At least 20-30 minutes per day)


In this blog we discussed Hypertensive heart disease, its types, symptoms and treatment as well. The easy and effective way to cure this disease is eat healthy and good food. As if you don’t feel perfect so consult a doctor as soon as possible. The last option is BY- Pass surgery.

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