(People Also Like To Read:Â Alzheimerâ€™s Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Stages, and Treatment)
What is Encephalitis?
Encephalitis is mainly defined as the inflammation in the brain which means the disease is different from meningitis that is an inflammation of the layers of membranes or tissue covering the brain.
Sadly, in some people, both of the diseases can coexist which lead to more complex treatment and diagnosis plan. Both the conditions have several symptoms.
There are many causes of the disease such as viruses, parasites, bacteria, chemicals, and even autoimmune reactions.
Some Facts Related to Encephalitis:
- The disease has symptoms like fever, headache, and photophobia.
- It is rarely a life-threatening disease.
- Most often the disease affects children, older adults, and people with weak immune systems.
- Antiviral medications can help in treating it.
- Complications of the disease can include memory loss and epilepsy.
What are the Symptoms of Encephalitis?
There are several symptoms of the disease including;
- A headache
- Aches in muscles or joints
- Fatigue or weakness
- Confusion, agitation or hallucinations
- Loss of sensation or paralysis in certain areas of the face or body
- Problems with speech or hearing
- Loss of consciousness
- Muscle weakness
- Slower movements
- Sensitivity to light
What are the Types of Encephalitis?
Different factors cause different types of the disease including;
- Japanese encephalitis is due to mosquitoes.
- Tick-borne encephalitis is due to ticks.
- Rabies can be due to a bite from a mammal.
There is also a type of primary or secondary of disease in which;
The primary or infectious the disease is due to infection through fungus, bacterium, or virus in the brain.
The secondary, or post-infectious, the disease occurs when the immune system weak and the infection mistakenly attacks the brain.
(You Might Also Like To Read:Â Dementia May Be Linked To Some AntiDepressants â€“ Study)
What are the Risk Factors of Encephalitis?
Following are some of the risk factors that increase the risk of the disease including;
- Weakened immune system
- Geographical regions ( where mosquito- or tick-borne viruses are common)
- Season of the year (when mosquito- and tick-borne diseases tend to be more common)
What are the Causes of Encephalitis?
There are many causes that spread the disease including;
- Herpes simplex virus (HSV)
- Other herpes viruses like Epstein-Barr virus
- Mosquito-borne viruses
- Tick-borne viruses
- Rabies virus
- Childhood infections
What are the Treatments for Encephalitis?
Anti-viral medicines can help in treating the disease. However, these medicines arenâ€™t enough effective in treating the other forms of the disease. Alternatively, the treatment often focuses on relieving symptoms including;
- Corticosteroids (to reduce brain inflammation)
- Mechanical ventilation (to help with breathing)
- Lukewarm sponge baths
- Sedatives (for restlessness, aggressiveness, and irritability)
- Anticonvulsants (to prevent or stop seizures)
Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain which can be easily treated with the help of anti-viral medicines as well as with proper rest and health check-up.
(People Also Like To Read:Â Are You Afraid of Getting HIV from Cadbury Chocolates?)
GoMedii is All-in-One integrated Technology platform which helps to better manage chronic illnesses, prescription management & creates a continuum of care with a patient-centric approach under the supervision of Doctor & healthcare experts. The Technology platform enables various stakeholders (Patients, Doctor, Pharmacy, Diagnostics, Healthcare experts) to work as a unit for a better patient outcome with 1 stop solution of medicines, lab services, nutrition advice & products, Lifestyle coaching, and clinical counseling. GoMedii platform also enables the Doctor to overview a larger section of his patients.
Disclaimer: GoMedii is a recognized and a considerate healthcare platform which tends to connect every dot of the healthcare needs and facilities. GoMedii facilitates the accessibility of all health news, health tips, and information from the Health experts and Doctors to the eyes of readers. All of the information and facts mentioned in the GoMedii Blog are thoroughly examined and verified by the Doctors and Health Experts, elsewise source of information is confirmed for the same.
About GoMedii: GoMedii is a complete healthcare marketplace, where you can Book Appointment With Doctors, Get Online Consultation, Order Medicines Online, and Get hassle-free doorstep delivery within 4 hours. You may simply download the GoMedii app for Android or iOS.