Overview of Diabetes Care By Endocrinologist Dr. Keshav Kumar

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Diabetes is a serious condition. Nowadays, many people are suffering from diabetes, it usually begins when the body is not able to make sufficient insulin. The diabetic patient may get weak day by day, thus, diabetes care is very important. Today, we are going to talk about diabetes and diabetes care. Read the article to know more.

 

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What is Diabetes Care?

 

 

Diabetes care is a lifelong responsibility; it is a disease which happens when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas which helps to get glucose from food into your cells in order to be used for energy.

 

 

How Can we Manage Our Diabetes Care?

 

 

There are 8 ways to manage diabetes care:

 

 

Keep the Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Under Control

 

 

High BP and high cholesterol can damage blood and the damage is often worse and more rapid when you have diabetes. It can lead to a heart attack, stroke or other life-threatening conditions.

 

Always keep in mind to take a healthy, low-fat diet and exercising regularly can control the high blood pressure and cholesterol.

 

 

Make a Commitment to Manage the Diabetes

 

 

Always include healthy eating and physical activity as a part of your daily routine. Maintain a healthy weight will also help. Examine your blood sugar and follow the doctor’s instructions for managing your blood sugar level. Take your medications as directed by your doctor. Consult your diabetologist for help when you need it.

 

 

Don’t Smoke

 

  • Smoking increases the risk of type 2 diabetes and the risk of various diabetes complications, including:

 

  • Reduced blood flow in the legs and feet can lead to infections, ulcers and possibly removal of a body part by surgery.

 

  • Avoiding smoke can help you to avoid conditions like:

 

 

 

 

  • Stroke

 

 

  • Eye disease, which can lead to blindness

 

 

  • Nerve damage

 

 

 

 

  • Premature death

 

 

Consult your doctor about ways to help you stop smoking or using other types of tobacco.

 

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Stop Alcohol Intake

 

 

Alcohol causes high or low blood sugar, depending on how much you drink and whether you eat at the same time. If you choose to drink, do so only in moderation. Alcohol can lead to low blood sugar later, especially for people who use insulin.

 

 

 

Pay Attention to Your Feet

 

 

High blood sugar can lower the blood flow and damage the nerves in your feet. Untreated cuts and blisters can lead to serious infections. It leads to pain, tingling or loss of sensation in your feet.

 

 

To prevent foot problems:

 

 

  • Wash your feet daily in lukewarm water. Try to avoid soaking your feet, as this can lead to dry skin.

 

 

  • Dry your feet gently, especially between the toes.

 

 

  • Always moisturize your feet and ankles with lotion or petroleum jelly. Never put oils or creams between your toes, the extra moisture can lead to infection.

 

 

  • Check your feet daily for any calluses, blisters, sores, redness or swelling.

 

 

  • Don’t go barefoot, indoors or outdoors.

 

 

  • Consult your doctor if you have pain or other foot problem which doesn’t start to heal within a few days. If you have a foot ulcer, consult your doctor immediately.

 

 

 

 

Diabetes makes certain illnesses. Routine vaccines can help you to prevent them. Ask your doctor about:

 

 

Flu Vaccine

 

 

An annual flu vaccine can help you to stay healthy during flu season as well as prevent serious complications from the flu.

 

 

Pneumonia Vaccine

 

 

Sometimes the pneumonia vaccine requires only one shot. If you have diabetes complications or your age is 65 or older, you may need a booster shot.

 

 

Hepatitis B Vaccine

 

 

The hepatitis B vaccine is suggested for adults with diabetes who haven’t previously received the vaccine and are younger than 60. If you are 60 or older and have never received the hepatitis B vaccine, talk to your doctor about whether it’s right for you.

 

 

Other Vaccines

 

 

Always stay up to date with your tetanus shot (usually given every 10 years). Your doctor may recommend other vaccines as well.

 

 

Schedule Regular Physical and Eye Exams

 

 

Schedule 2 to 4 diabetes checkups a year, in addition to your yearly physical and routine eye exams. The doctor will ask about the nutrition and activity level and look for any diabetes-related complications including signs of kidney damage, nerve damage, and heart disease as well as screen for other medical problems.

 

 

 

Take Care of Your Teeth

 

 

Diabetes may leave you prone to gum infections. Brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, floss your teeth once a day and schedule dental exams at least twice a year. Consult a dentist if your gums bleed or look red or swollen.

 

 

About Dr. Keshav Kumar: Doctor Keshav Kumar is a well-known Diabetologist of Delhi/ NCR. If you are dealing with diabetes or find any symptoms then you can book a free online appointment to consult the doctor.

 

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